Nederlands-Indische Tramweg Maatschappij
Started life in 1869 as Bataviasche Tramweg-Maatschappij BTM / Batavia Tramway Company operating horse trams on a track gauge of 1188mm. In 1880 it was taken over by Dummler & Co and then by the Nederlands-Indische Tramweg Maatschappij in 1882. This company had been formed in 1881 and they ordered Fireless steam locomotives from Hohenzollern which proved to be a success after they arrived in 1883. Over time more were supplied until 1907 when 34 had been delivered. Tram no 4 was destroyed by a boiler explosion in 1906, damaging an adjacent locomotive and part of the building, see picture below.
In 1921 a new batch of 17 locomotives was supplied by Hohenzollern and according to their records these were all 1067mm gauge, 3' 6", so the same as the SS railway system. I can find no mention of a change of gauge so perhaps at this time there was a takeover of some of the numerous SS lines in the city to run a tram service on them; or maybe there was a plan to change the entire track gauge to 3' 6"; or maybe the new trams were regauged; or is it just an error in the Hohenzollern data.
Another point of interest is that the first 21 tram locomotives were numbered using Roman numerals but from 1884 onwards they reverted to the Base 10 decimal system we are familiar with today. Quite why the first locomotive was numbered XX, later 20, is not clear.
The lines were merged with the Batavia Electric Tramway, BETM on 31st July 1930 and adopted the name Bataviasche Verkeers Maatschappij N.V. or BVM. Shortly afterwards a program of electrification of the former NITM lines was started, being completed in 1934.
Two views of Hohenzollern NITM Fireless Tram No 2 with a first class carriage number 96 and two second class carriages numbers 56 and 53, known as Trailers type A and built by Beynes in 1882, taken from the same picture.
NIST stands for Ned. Ind. St. Tr. as written in the Hohenzollern book WL-8744A electronic copy.
|Bonnefond||1869||Trailer||n/k||n/k||n/k||Horse-drawn, 1188mm gauge|
|Hohenzollern||1882-1883||Fireless locomotive||21||1-21||n/a||n/a||1188mm gauge|
|Hohenzollern||1884-1907||Fireless locomotive||13||22-34||n/a||n/a||1188mm gauge|
|Hohenzollern||1921||Steam locomotive||17||51-67||n/a||n/a||1067mm gauge|
|Beynes||1882||Trailer type A||14||1-14||16||16||Became BVM A1-A14|
|Beynes||1882||Trailer type B||14||51-64||26||16||52 & 55 became type A 80 & 81 in 1925. 23 survivors became BVM B101-B123|
|Beynes||1882-1889||Trailer type A||9||91-99||24||16|
|Beynes||1882-1889||Trailer type B||7||101-107||34||16||Became BVM AB201-AB207|
|Beynes||1883||Trailer type B||2||151, 152||40||16||Became BVM AB208, AB209|
|Beynes||1884||Trailer type AB||2||201, 202||40||16|
|Beynes||1887-1897||Trailer type C||14||251-264||40||28|
|Beynes||1897||Trailer type AB||2||211, 212||40||16|
|NITM||1904||Trailer type AB||6||221-226||40||20||Became BVM AB253, AB254, AB256, C505, C506, C508|
|Werkspoor||1904-1924||Pikolanwagen||28||1-28||23 survivors became P1-P23|
|NITM||1908-1910||Trailer type C||7||271-277||40||28||274, 275 & 277 became type AB 231-233 in 1928. Later became 501, 507 & 508.|
|Werkspoor||1922-1923||Trailer type AB||21||301-321||36||28||Became BVM AB301-AB318, C422-C424|
|Werkspoor||1922-1923||Trailer type C||21||401-421||42||53||Became BVM C401-C421|
Tram number 4 which exploded while being recharged at Kramat on 6th March 1906.
Pikolanwagen P-27 in BVM days. Earlier pictures show no ends or roof and wooden fencing, more like the wagons in the background.
Above: NITM 15 has just passed another tram.
Below: Ready for simultaneous departures from Kramat, NITM 23 on the right.
Created 5th January 2016.
25th November 2016.
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